Publishing business models: Where the money comes from

This is a look at the print publishing business model. It is oversimplified, but the big picture is more important than the details.


Historically print publishers earn revenue from copy sales and advertising. Some publishers, mainly in the trade press, rely solely on advertising.

Others, such as book publishers, rely solely on copy sales. Most newspapers and magazines make money from a mix of the two.

The balance between advertising and copy sales revenue usually determines a title’s editorial strategy.

The revenue part of a publication’s business model is simple:

Revenue = copy sales + advertising sales

Publishers who rely mainly on copy sales for their income typically spend more on producing quality editorial to attract readers.

Advertising-focused publishers put less emphasis on editorial. In extreme cases, they do away with editorial all together producing publications which closely resemble catalogues.