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Bill Bennett


Ultrafast broadband woes

Auckland's first fibre
Steven Joyce installing Auckland’s first UFB cable – Albany – 24 August 2011

At first sight Chorus’ submission to the Commerce Commission on the price the company can charge ISPs to deliver broadband over the copper network is business as usual.

While the regulator wants to cut copper access prices, Chorus argues against the move saying it could wipe up to $160 million from its annual profit.

Fair enough, the government did a deal with Telecom to spin-off the Chorus network division. It is only natural for the new businesses’ managers and shareholders to fight to protect their investment.

Chorus’ submission to the Commerce Commission goes on to argue cutting the price ISPs pay to use the copper broadband network undermines the UFB fibre network. Chorus is one of the companies building that network with the help of a soft government loan.

Delaying tactic?

Chorus has also requested a full review of the costs of delivering copper broadband. If nothing else  this will delay any ruling to cut prices.

And that’s where things get difficult for the government and Chorus.

If the price of copper broadband falls, it becomes more attractive to customers. In other words: more attractive than the UFB fibre network Chorus is helping to build.

Things get complicated because the roughly $1 billion dollars interest free loan the government is giving Chorus isn’t anything like enough to finance its share of the project. When the project was designed, there was a mechanism to plough back money from the built parts of the fibre network to finance the later part of the project.

Optimistic forecasts

Now we get to the hard part. The early forecasts of how many customers would buy fibre services were ridiculously optimistic. Numbers were quoted that are higher than in other countries with similar projects – planners fell into the “New Zealand will be different” trap. The government hoped to see 45% uptake. Its contract with Chorus is for a minimum of 20%. There’s now a question mark over that figure. Cheaper copper broadband isn’t going to help.

And that planning was done well before mobile data took off. Indeed, it didn’t take improvements in copper delivered broadband performance.

Prime Minister John Key has already talked of further government intervention – most likely a policy change to stop the Commerce Commission from regulating lower copper prices. An alternative would be to throw more government money at the project: that’s tax dollars.

A billion here… a billion there, soon you’re talking real money

The cost is peanuts compared to the money the government spends on roads. And there’s always a possibility Chorus will collapse. The current government is unlikely to let that happen under its watch. Yet it could be out of power by the time things reach crisis point.

Many taxpayers will be unhappy about subsidising shareholders who knew they were taking on a risk. Others will be just as unhappy if the government allows the pension fund and Kiwisaver money locked up in Chorus to wither. Yet more could be annoyed if the project changes so that they are forced to pay more for copper broadband while watching their neighbours enjoy the benefits of fast fibre broadband – especially if the project timetable drags out.

Shadow of Australia’s NBN?

Whatever happens next, the UFB project could yet become a political nightmare for the government. You only have to look across the Tasman at Australian to see how that could play out. Among other things, we could see electorate politicians looking at the UFB construction maps and deciding which areas get built next.

Labour communications spokesperson Clare Curran wasted no time blasting the government earlier today. She said: “Chorus’s deliberate delay tactics with the Commerce Commission are a blow to Kiwi consumers and must be condemned by the government”.

Curran accused the government of playing favourites with Chorus. That’s possible. Or perhaps Chorus has the government by the balls on this. And as Reg Hammond writes at InternetNZ there’s also the matter of dealing with the companies who didn’t win UFB contracts because their price was too high. Where will all this leave them?



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